Android runs on many devices in many regions. To reach the most users, your app should handle text, audio files, numbers, currency, and graphics in ways appropriate to the locales where your app is used. You should already have a working knowledge of the Java programming language and be familiar with Android resource loadingthe declaration of user interface elements in XMLdevelopment considerations such as activity lifecycleand general principles of internationalization and localization. It is good practice to use the Android resource framework to separate the localized aspects of your app as much as possible from the core Java-based functionality:.
For a short guide to localizing strings in your app, see the training lesson, Supporting Different Languages. Resources are text strings, layouts, sounds, graphics, and any other static data that your Android app needs.
An app can include multiple sets of resources, each customized for a different device configuration. When a user runs the app, Android automatically selects and loads the resources that best match the device. This document focuses on localization and locale. For a complete description of resource-switching and all the types of configurations that you can specify — screen orientation, touchscreen type, and so on — see Providing Alternative Resources.
When you write your app, you create default and alternative resources for your app to use. When users run your app, the Android system selects which resources to load, based upon the device's locale. If this default file is absent, or if it's missing a string that your app needs, then your app doesn't run and shows an error. The example below illustrates what can happen when the default text file is incomplete. However, the user sees an error message and a Force Close button when this app is launched on a device set to a language other than English.
The app doesn't load. The situation applies to all types of resources, not just strings: You need to create a set of default resource files containing all the resources that your app calls upon —layouts, drawables, animations, etc. For information about testing, see Testing for Default Resources.Www adtran
The default resource set must also include any default drawables and layouts, and can include other types of resources such as animations:. Tip: In your code, examine each reference to an Android resource. Make sure that a default resource is defined for each one.
Also make sure that the default string file is complete: A localized string file can contain a subset of the strings, but the default string file must contain them all. A large part of localizing an app is providing alternative text for different languages.
In some cases you also provide alternative graphics, sounds, layouts, and other locale-specific resources. To create an alternative resource for a different locale, you use a qualifier that specifies a language or a language-region combination. The name of a resource directory must conform to the naming scheme described in Providing Alternative Resourcesor else your app cannot compile.
Suppose that your app's default language is English. Suppose also that you want to localize all the text in your app to French, and most of the text in your app everything except the app's title to Japanese. In this case, you could create three alternative strings. If your Java-based code refers to R. If multiple resource files match a device's configuration, Android follows a set of rules in deciding which file to use.Xliff Editor - its fast to load, easy to use, and has a low memory footprint.
Did we forget to mention Inline tag protection, Fuzzy search, intuitive shortcuts, multiple concurrent file editing and native spell checker. It also has some pretty nice customizations you can use to better suit your workflow. Not all Xliff editors have been created equally. We've custom built our own XML parser to read even the most complex Xliff v1. Xliff Editor effortlessly handles Segmentation, Inline tags and Alternate translations.
An xliff file is a standardized file format based on XML, used to represent localization data. In its simplest form the original source string is stored as well as its translated target complement.
Xliff files enable localization to be much more user friendly, and less error prone than manual translation.Vba run command and get output
Xliff files can be identified by the extensions. SDL Trados. The XLIFF format makes translating a cinch, as it removes all the layout and formatting, and just provides a simple text-to-text translation mechanism for your translators. Outside of this one, all the ones I tried are pretty much garbage.
I did not try Linguan do it it's higher price. Some reviewers have noted crashing - and so far I've experience none. But for right now, this is totally meeting my needs as an iOS developer. In version 2. Hope a new version fixes this.
Not sure what gives but this app crashes at a dropof a hat. Happy to update my review if they can resolve but the app as it stands now is useless to me. Mac App Store Preview. Open the Mac App Store to buy and download apps.
Description Xliff Editor - its fast to load, easy to use, and has a low memory footprint. Jan 18, Version 2. Ratings and Reviews See All. Size 2. Category Developer Tools. Compatibility OS X All Rights Reserved. Family Sharing With Family Sharing set up, up to six family members can use this app.This obviously breaks localization. What is the best way to handle this?
I don't mind going through my English strings and changing them - but I don't want to lose my multi-line strings. Please file a bug report, if you haven't already.
Include the information provided here, and also which version of Xcode that you're using. OK I can do that…but is there no recourse until then? I'm at ship stage…as in I was supposed to ship today and that's when I discovered that some of our localization files were broken…and now I'm trying to figure out the right choice and right now I'm kind of swearing at my tools. To be fair, this is something I should've noticed during QA and it shouldn't be your fault that we're at ship time and this is failing, well sort of, but we ignored localization issues to some degree for awhile because the word on the forums and the street was that localizations just broke on iOS 9 and we were kind of waiting on an iOS 9 fix.
That seems to work. Its a little PHP script I already had for working with some xliff stuff. Going to test it and make sure. Its the import that's broken. I've basically spent the last week writing scripts to make newlines untouchable by xcode and do nothing else.
Alex - please can you elaborate on why the strings files with literal newlines don't work for you? Sure, but I thought I did that in the original post. Look at the strings file. When I export and then import, its broken up into multiple lines in the strings file. This causes iOS to tell you that the strings file is misformatted and now it will not load the string. BTW - on a separate note, with Xcode 7.
Basically I'm just seeing XCode's localization tools go downhill big time since Xcode 7. It seems like every release does not fix any of the issues that I talked to you about at WWDC and introduces new ones.
I can't tell you how disappointed and discouraging this is. I've put in so many bug reports only to see things get worse. I tell you, if you sat down with me for a few days and we ran through my project back and forth, you would fix so many issues. I think the problem is caused by Xcode not properly handling white space in the XML. How do people get around this bug? Very convenient but a lot of crashes in XLiffie and Xcode.
I only had three. This works for me in this case because I am translating into two languages that I happen to know. However, if I was sending this out for professional translation, it would be an additional chore and expense to deal with these exceptions.And you should! Oh, and this knowledge will stay with you! It is one of the most common formats used for files in CAT Tools. Besides the usage of traditional translation tools, XLIFF is used more often in the field of software translation.
Perhaps, the most important reason for you to use XLIFF when translating documents is that you can use a single file format when translating different kinds of documents. XLIFF files are bilingual documents. They hold the content to be localized, all corresponding translations, and any additional data to improve localization efficiency.
With XLIFF files, both source and target language data remain in sync as the localization process takes place. The file format specifies the elementsattributes as well as target translations that are used to store content that has been extracted from other files.
It makes it easier to exchange the localization data and translatable content between each step of the process. During the translation process, XLIFF is used as an intermediary format for completing the following 5 steps:.
The translated XLIFF file is imported back to the original system and is used to generate translated files. The newly translated content is saved to the Translation Memory and future similar content will be translated faster and easier.
Surprise, surprise, Text United is specifically a platform like this. Gosia loves copywriting and product translation.
Xliff export and \n
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Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Software Localization. How Does It Work? During the translation process, XLIFF is used as an intermediary format for completing the following 5 steps: 1. A human translator finishes the translation. XLIFF 1. If your file contains embedded parts with programming code make sure to maintain the formatting accurately as shown in the source segments.
If the placeholder is at the beginning or the end of the segment it will be removed. In that case, a translator may place it anywhere he wants according to the order of words.Other versions should work fine, too. Localization in Xcode can be done easily with the Strings format.
Before we dig any deeper you should check out the documentation on iOS with Phrase setup. For example, all your. No more cluttered.
Online XLIFF Editor
The localization workflow itself is different to the usual Strings workflow:. Export your localization files by clicking on your project. Within this folder all your translations reside as a. It is best to upload and download your files to and from Phrase from this folder. Import your localization files by clicking on your project.
If you have new translations download them to your translation export folder. Your Guide to App Translation Explore why app translation can be key to your global business expansion and follow our best practices. If you want to pluralize your app you will need to work with the two formats simultaneously.
Additionally you will need to set up Phrase for the. Uploading your files to Phrase leaves you open with two options. The first one is via the translation center:. The second one is for your developers by using the command-line client.
If you would like to download your translations for English simply type. With a working Phrase setup your application is good to go. You can start the translation process by managing your keys in the translation center, ordering translations or by collaborating with your translators and developers. Find out all you need to know about localization from start to finish with our ultimate guide. Subscribe to our mailing list to keep up with best practices for localization, new features, and updates from Phrase.
Join Now. Get tips on how to optimize your localization workflow and learn all about the newest Phrase features. Table of Contents. Last updated on March 25th, The Ultimate Guide to Localization Management Find out all you need to know about localization from start to finish with our ultimate guide Check out the guide.
Localizing XLIFF files for iOS
If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with this. If you want to use the sites without cookies or would like to know more, you can do that here. At this point, you will be faced with the decision of translating the UI user interface strings in the Android and iOS apps independently or together. Clearly, translating each app independently is the recommended and easier option as far as workflow and development effort is concerned.
However, you may think that quite likely the since the same strings of text will be used both in the Android version and the iOS version of your app, you do not want to pay twice for the same sentence.
Or you may have other reasons to include all the text in a single translation file. We will deal with how to join both Android and iOS files for translation in a separate article. If you are not familiar with the translation process, it is important to know a few basics: any reputable translation company will use translation memories a desktop or server database where translated sentences are saved in aligned format, one being the equivalent of the other.Asus zenfone 5 root xda
Therefore, translation savings should be passed on to you as a result of the translation house checking it has translated similar sentences for you in the past, even across platforms text strings in Android and iOS, website, documentation, etc.
As you can see, a translation log contains a percentage analysis, providing you the chance to see how much money you can save as a result of similar material having been translated in the past or repetitions this is particularly relevant when new versions or similar apps are developed.Hdfs remove directory
We understand there are quite likely other resources except strings and text embedded in illustrations, for example that need to be considered when localizing an application, but this article will focus only on strings as it is the most common problem. It is an international format to exchange bilingual information.
It is used particularly for translations and also for importing and merging translated text strings from XLIFF files into strings files. Base internationalization will collect texts from. You can also choose to include images, for example, as well as other resources that you may want to translate.
Xcode will move or duplicate all of these resources into a Base. It will also create a separate folder for each target language you need to translate into and store the localized version of these resources.
Apple provides a short guide on how to export XLIFF files and import them in order to localize your app, see the link below.
There several ways you can export text for translation in Android, and even export to Excel if this makes it visually easier for your to work. Allowing translators to use computer assisted translation tools CAT tools makes the whole process less prone to errors. Therefore, our recommendation is that you export the text and import it back in.
Thanks for a well written article. What language s would you say are the most popular for iOS localization,? Is there a difference compared with Android? What is a Translation Memory?The converter takes the form of a strings editor, where you can load either Android or iOS strings and then save as either iOS or Android strings.
The interface is the same editor used in the full Loco translator dashboard. Drag an Android strings. Once you've reviewed your strings and made any edits click one of the green buttons to download your converted file in Android or iOS format.
You can also convert your strings to a full-blown Loco project at this point. If you have any trouble loading or saving any of these file formats, please get in touch and let us know. The editor displays your "keys" with windows for editing the source English text and a target language. You can switch the target language by typing it into the text box above the editor.
Note that the XLIFF format is different as it can contain both the source and target language in the same file. Android strings support plural forms neatly within the XML format. Load a strings. Saving the Android XML file will keep the plurals in the downloaded file. As such this simple converter doesn't deal with iOS pluralized strings.
The full Loco system offers more powerful plural support including a.Graham Langley - Lightning 4D Webs Apps - XLIFF
The strings converter is free to use without registration. Languages The editor displays your "keys" with windows for editing the source English text and a target language. Plurals Android strings support plural forms neatly within the XML format.
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